Next week (March 12) is International World Kidney Day, and healthy kidneys are important to keeping your body free of toxins and waste.
Every day, your two kidneys filter about 120 to 150 quarts of blood to produce about 1 to 2 quarts of urine, composed of wastes and extra fluid.
To keep them healthy, you have to be able to manage a healthy lifestyle and control diabetes, high blood pressure and heart disease.
The National Kidney Disease Education Program offers these tips to kidneys healthy:
- Keep your blood pressure at the target set by your healthcare provider. For most people, the blood pressure target is less than 140/90 mm Hg. This can delay or prevent kidney failure.
- If you have diabetes, control your blood glucose level.
- Keep your cholesterol levels in the target range.
- Take medicines the way your provider tells you to take them.
- Cut back on salt. Aim for less than 2,300 milligrams of sodium each day.
- Choose foods that are healthy for your heart: fresh fruits, fresh or frozen vegetables, whole-grains and low-fat dairy foods.
- Limit your alcohol intake.
- Be more physically active.
- Lose weight if you are overweight.
- If you smoke, take steps to quit. Cigarette smoking can make kidney damage worse.